- April 12, 2020
Socialism and Communism or Fascism in the Contemporary Political World
Socialismand Communism or Fascism in the Contemporary Political World
TheRelevance of Socialism, Communism, and Fascism in the ContemporaryPolitical World
Socialism,communism, and fascism are different types of political systems thatwere being used or are still being used by various countries in theworld. The difference between these political systems is the way theyuse the factors of production and sharing of goods that are producedin a country. The factors of production include Land, labor,entrepreneur, and capital. A land is the source of the resources thatare used in manufacturing most commodities in the industries. Capitalrefers to artificial instruments that are used to complete theproduction process. It can be the types of machinery or somethingelse that gets employed in the process of manufacturing goods. Theindividuals who coordinate the manufacturing process are the onesreferred to as the entrepreneurs. Labor refers to the human effortsthat are applied in the production process. Therefore, thedifferences between these systems arise from the way they produce anddistribute goods in the community. Some systems are active inpromoting equality in a society while others prove to be efficient inpromoting inequality among individuals. Socialism refers to aneconomic arrangement where the way goods and services are produced isusually controlled and owned by the government. In this case, theproperties of individuals are often nationalized, and the owners getcompensated.1The national government is the one that is responsible for decidingwhat commodities will be produced in a system and what quantities.Sometimes the goods are manufactured in excess while on otheroccasions there is a shortage. In a socialist government, goods arenot produced with the main aim of making profits but for the benefitof the community. A government that has embraced socialism tries toeliminate competition in her economy and replaces it with cooperationand planning. Therefore, the forces of demand and supply do notdetermine the market prices in a state that uses socialism. Communismdescribes a system where resources are owned collectively, and peopleare paid incomes according to their needs. Unlike what happens in asocialist government, a communist government gives her people alittle freedom to determine what they want to be produced andprobably the quantities that they want in an economy. Communismexploits the full potential of individuals by giving workersincentives so that they can improve on their results. However,citizens do not have control over the wages since the governmentdetermines them.2The land and other natural resources are owned collectively, andprivate ownership of properties is not allowed. This implies that allresources belong to the community, but citizens are compensated fortheir work. Fascism is a system that combines both the capitalism andstate planning. It is a political system that mostly involvesdictatorship that is based on a political leader who is usually verypowerful. It also implies a lot of control from the state. In thiskind of government, an opposition is not allowed, and it can lead toa death sentence or life-long imprisonment. Socialism, communism, andfascism are systems that were common in the past. Many governmentsare investing in giving citizens the freedom that is required forboth personal and national growth and development. As a result,Socialism, communism, and fascism are no longer relevant in thecontemporary political world due to the demerits that they have.
Manygovernments have abolished the use of socialism as their politicalsystem because it carries many disadvantages that can lag both thepeople and nation behind. Socialism does not encourage developmentand can make a country to be left behind other countries that areusing different systems like the liberalism. Therefore, relevance ofsocialism has tremendously declined because of the following reasons
NothingBelongs to Anybody
Asocialistic community does not allow her people to own privateproperties. Everything is owned either by the government or thecommunity3.This is often a significant deterrence towards development oraccumulation of wealth in a country. People do not have theincentives to go work because even if they work so hard, they willnot be permitted to buy or own anything irrespective whether theyhave money or not. Also, citizens become reluctant to acquire orlearn new skills. Socialism can be a great hindrance for people tofurther their education. Moreover, people will be unwilling to put aneffort in anything because there are no personal benefits. Therefore,socialism has become unpopular because it does not offer motivationto work hard.
Lazinessis a Plague
Individualsare not anxious about where they will get meals for lunch or dinner.Resources belong to everybody, and there are no concerns as towhether individuals work or not.4Therefore, some people will opt not to work so that they can be fedby others. This is perilous for a nation that wants to develop.Laziness is dangerous because it is a killer of creativity,innovation, motivations, and anything that can be good for adeveloping country. Most political systems in the world are not readyand willing to make the populace idle and lazy because it can resultin many negative effects such as an increase in crime.
Socialismsystem is associated with constant failures. It has become irrelevantbecause the idea has been tested by several nations and only a fewsucceed. Many countries have tried the system but end up failingmiserably. The system has proved not to thrive irrespective of theefforts or twists that the government tries to use.
Socialismis no longer being endorsed by countries because it has shown itselfto be too expensive to implement or run.5The task of feeding all people in a state is not easy since itdemands a lot of resources. People are taxed heavily in a socialistcommunity. The huge taxes can be a significant deterrence for work.Citizens can feel demoralized to go work because they know that theywill get only a portion of their incomes. The rest will be used tofeed other people of whom some do not work but just lazy aroundwaiting to be fed.
Socialisminvolves a lot of government controls that are associated with thebureaucratic procedures. The procedures are risky because they cankill the entrepreneurial culture of citizens. For example, it isoften a rigorous process to get a business permit in a nation thathas endorsed socialism. As a result, the investment rates will below, and this will translate into a low Gross Domestic Product of acountry. Also, in a socialist community, the civil servants are theones who bear most consequences through the heavy taxes that they payto the government than those people who work in the private sector.This leads to a lot of inefficiencies in the economy.
TheState of the Consumers
Consumersare the greatest losers in a socialist community. Socialism does notallow customers to enjoy sovereignty that is enjoyed by consumers whoare in a political system that uses capitalism as her economicsystem. Socialism does not have the freedom that buyers can enjoy.Purchasers do not have the freedom of choices of goods and servicesthat can maximize their utility.
Non-Existenceof Political and Economic Freedom
Manyessential freedoms that are necessarily for an economy to prosperlike the freedom of investment, freedom in choosing the occupationthat an individual intends to pursue are non-existence in socialism.6These freedoms are crucial in an economy because they promoteeconomic development as well as enhancing democracy in a country. Theneeds of the citizens either working or not are usually met at theexpense of political as well as economic freedom.
Competitionin the markets is essential because it helps in developing aneconomy. It is healthy for any political system to allow competitionin the market. That is, between the buyers and the sellers. Thiscompetition will enhance the quality of goods that are being producedin an economy. Producers will be forced by the competition tomanufacture products that are of relatively high standard, yet cheap.A socialistic community does not allow competition to prevail thuskilling the initiatives and talents that could have been developed tocounter competition as well as push the economy forward because acountry with diverse talents grows faster than the one with fewerskills.
Communismis also a system whose relevance has declined because of thedisadvantages being more than the advantages. Communism is not goodfor any political system that wants its economy to grow. It isirrelevant to adopt a system that will encourage some people to sitdown and wait to be fed by the hard-working individuals, especiallyduring such hard economic times like this. It would be unfair toshare out the little money that the hard-working people get withthose individuals who fail to work with the mentality that all theresources belong to the community. Communism structure is no longerbeing adopted because of the following
Dictationon the People
Thegovernment has got powers to dictate on her individuals with the mainaim achieving equality for all the citizens7.People in a communist political system do not have freedom of speechsuch that they cannot air their grievances when they feel that theyhave been oppressed. On the contrary, those people who try to goagainst the plans of the government are often subjected punishmentsthat include jail terms or fines.
Lackof Personal Growth
Communismis too controlling, and it hampers personal growth in the process. Ina communist nation, all people are equal, and it is a classlesssociety in which no one is above the other. As a result, people donot see the need for struggling so hard since at the end of the dayall people will be the same whether you worked hard or not.8For example, professional would be discouraged to work harder in asituation where their salaries are fully regulated by the governmentand they cannot demand for more salaries irrespective of whether theywork day and night without resting.
Themain aim of communism is to achieve equality whereby individuals arepaid the same amount of money for performing the same task. However,this is not the actual situation that is realized on the ground.Communism is associated with prevalent greed by the officials at thetop. The individuals at the lower classes are not in a position toquestion their superiors even if they suspect corrupt issues with thegovernment.
Dictatorialgovernments are no longer prevalent in the contemporary politicalworld where a lot of developments have occurred, especially regardingthe way citizens are enjoying human rights9.Fascism cannot be relevant in the modern political world because itis associated with the lack freedom of speech. In a dictatorialpolitical system, people are not allowed give their opinions or talkthe way they want. However, citizens are given the freedom ofthinking the way they want as long as they will not speak theirthoughts.
Tosum up, communism, socialism, and fascism are no longer relevant inthe contemporary political world because they have more adverseeffects in society than the benefits. These systems curtail thepeople`s freedom of investments, speech and choices of good toconsume. Communism and socialism encourage laziness in a countrywhile discouraging the hard-working individuals in the communitysince they are heavily taxed to subsidize the amount of money that isused to feed people. The systems have been replaced by the liberalpolitical systems that give people freedom of speech and permissionto invest in the businesses that are appealing to them. Also, liberalgovernments use capitalism that allows people to own property as wellas incentives to work hard. People work very hard in a liberalgovernment because they know that if they do not work, then they willgo hungry since citizens consume what they have earned unlike in acommunist and socialist government.
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1 Schumpeter, Joseph A. Capitalism, socialism and democracy. Routledge, 2013. P.26.
2 Schumpeter, Joseph A. Capitalism, socialism and democracy. Routledge, 2013. P.46.
3 Okun, Arthur M. Equality and efficiency: The big tradeoff. Brookings Institution Press, 2015. P.18.
4 DiLorenzo, Thomas J. The Problem with Socialism. Washington, DC: Regnery Publishing, 2016. P 70.
5 Okun, Arthur M. Equality and efficiency: The big tradeoff. Brookings Institution Press, 2015. P. 36.
6 DiLorenzo, Thomas J. The Problem with Socialism. Washington, DC: Regnery Publishing, 2016. P. 72.
7 Priestland, David. The red flag: a history of communism. Grove/Atlantic, Inc., 2016. P. 46.
8 Kemp, Simon. Was Communism Doomed?: Human Nature, Psychology and the Communist Economy. Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016. P. 48.
9 Gregor, A. James. Italian fascism and developmental dictatorship. Princeton University Press, 2014. P. 62.