- April 12, 2020
The Adaptable Brain
Oneof the most significant and exciting findings of the contemporaryneuroscience is the knowledge and understanding that the human brainis adaptable and flexible rather than rigid and fixed. Particularly,the adaptability of the brain as the name suggests is the capabilityof the brain to develop new neural connections and pathways inresponse to changes in the environment, behavior, emotions, andphysical brain injuries. The new understanding of the brain haspushed out the frontlines of what is possible now when it comes torehabilitation, for instance, individuals who have the stroke.According to Bailey (2012), the understanding of the adaptability ofthe brain is important since it imparts certain knowledge of how thebrain develops even after damage.
Theflexibility of the brain has solved several questions that have beenin the field of science for a long period of time. Notably, it hasnot been easy to explain reasons why a blind person can still movelong distance yet they cannot see. On the same note, people who aredeaf are still able to communicate with others with littledifficulties. A study conducted by Bailey (2012) suggests that whenone part of the brain is damaged or absent, the available partsbecomes more active in such people than in normal individuals. Forexample, the sense of touch is more intense and sharp in blind peoplethan in normal individuals. Researchers employing functional brainimagery have established that in such circumstances the blind persontriggers not only the portions of the cortex fervent to touch butsections of the visual cortex.
Thebrain’s structure ensures that some areas have specific functions.This is an issue that is preset by genes. For instance, there is apart that is devoted to the locomotion of the right arm. Destructionto this area will impair the movement of that arm. However, since adifferent part processes consciousness from the particular arm(Sanders, 2010). This “modular” procedure reveals that a sectionof the brain unconnected to motor function or sensation cannot takeon a new role. In a simple explanation, neuroplasticity is nottantamount to the brain being substantially malleable.
Theadaptable brain is essential to assisting people to change theirattitude at any age. Like other pathways it takes time to startworking however, once it has started, it comes very effective andcan change the perception and the behaviors of an individual. On thesame note, depending on the environment, situation, and the intentionof the mind, the brain can adapt and meet the needs of an individual(Freeman et al., 2004). For example, one can come from a family inwhich every member has committed murder however, because the personhas left such homestead and has been brought by another God fearingfamily, he has chosen to be a pastor. This is a clear indication thatthe brain can adapt according to environment and situation.
Inconclusion, the adaptable brain is the ability of the brain to createnew neural pathways and connections in response to the situations.Notably, this is the reason why some people believe that they canachieve specific issues in their lives, and truly the get to suchdreams. Therefore, this topic is important in that it parts theknowledge on how the brain functions.
Bailey,S. M. (2012). The adaptable brain. TheWomen`s Review of Books,(2). 7. Retrieved fromhttp://eds.b.ebscohost.com/eds/detail/detail?sid=d5384bc7-fff7-4101-9f97-dbc21e642821%40sessionmgr105&vid=6&hid=126&bdata=JmxvZ2luLmFzcCZzaXRlPWVkcy1saXZl#AN=edsgcl.321335162&db=edsgao
Freeman,F. G., Scerbo, M. W., Mikulka, P. J., Scott, L. A., & Bailey, N.R. (2004). A Comparison of a Brain-Based Adaptive System and a ManualAdaptable System for Invoking Automation. Retrieved fromhttp://eds.b.ebscohost.com/eds/detail/detail?vid=8&sid=d5384bc7-fff7-4101-9f97-dbc21e642821%40sessionmgr105&hid=126&bdata=JmxvZ2luLmFzcCZzaXRlPWVkcy1saXZl#AN=9116190&db=edb
Pellis,S. M., Pellis, V. C., & Himmler, B. T. (2014). How Play Makes fora More Adaptable Brain: A Comparative and Neural Perspective.AmericanJournal Of Play,7(1),73-98. Retrieved fromhttp://eds.b.ebscohost.com/eds/detail/detail?vid=3&sid=d5384bc7-fff7-4101-9f97-dbc21e642821%40sessionmgr105&hid=126&bdata=JmxvZ2luLmFzcCZzaXRlPWVkcy1saXZl#AN=99122018&db=edb
Sanders,L. (2010). How deafness can enhance sight: hearing-specialized brainregions adaptable to visual input. ScienceNews,(10). 10. Retrieved fromhttp://eds.b.ebscohost.com/eds/detail/detail?vid=5&sid=6a54be07-9d2b-4f0b-8303-31363252a963%40sessionmgr106&hid=111&bdata=JmxvZ2luLmFzcCZzaXRlPWVkcy1saXZl#AN=edsgcl.242179866&db=edsgbe