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The Argument from Design and the Problem of Evil



TheArgument from Design and the Problem of Evil

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The Argument from Design and the problem of Evil

The problem orargument of evil is the problem of integrating the presence of theevil in our world with the existence of an all-knowing, all-powerfuland flawlessly moral god. It is the atheistic or irreligious argumentthat the presence and reality of such evil disapprove the existenceof an almighty god. This paper will talk about this argument and alsothe way societies and sociologist think about the problem of evil. Wewill also answer some of the ethical questions provided in theoutline in order to discuss the problem of evil and the existence ofa perfect god. We will consider the writings of sociologists JohnHick and David Hume in our discussion.

Almost allreligions like Christianity and Islam claim that god not only createdthe world, but he also takes care of it. Religious claims are thatgod is capable of anything and makes anything happen according to hischoice and god has the knowledge of everything that happens or isgoing to happen (Hume, n.d.). Almost all religions claim that God isflawless, and wants nothing but the best for all his creations. Thistheory of a perfect god clashes directly with the fact that evil orbad exists in the world. Atheistic belief is that if god was flawlessand knew everything, why would he let evil thrive in this world. So,this would mean that all religious claims are false.

EthicalPoint of View

Hume’s Argument

In the situation where I had the powerto stop something bad from happening, but did nothing, the peoplewould generally consider me a bad person. Because I had the power tostop something evil or bad from coming into this world and I didnothing, of course, I will be seen as a person withoutresponsibilities and of evil motives. The society always believesthat powerful people or things must have a good influence on thecountry or community (Hume, n.d.).

If someonehas the power to help the victims of a natural disaster, but stilldoes nothing, people of the society would see that as an evil act. Inthis case, not helping the relief supplies to reach the earthquakevictims resembles a selfish act. This is when the question comes toour mind that is god all-good and powerful? Of course, in any era orreligion god has been the greatest symbol of people`s trust. Theyexpect god to be all-powerful and trusts him to help those who are inneed. But in these cases, people tend to lose faith in god and theygenerally start thinking that maybe god is not all-good, maybe hedoesn`t always want good to happen or maybe doesn`t possess all thepowers that they think him to (Hume, n.d.). This generates atheismand distrust towards the existence of god.


John Hick`s soul-making theory seesthe world as more of a moral place. By stating the term ‘soulmaking` he tries to say that god created this world based on puremoral perspectives. God created us as free creatures and gave us thepower and the will to develop (Hick, n.d.).

Hick`s analogycontradicts with that of Hume`s. Hick doesn`t believe that god issupposed to be the master designer of the world. He believes that godgave us free will. Hick sees the world of moral entities as a goodthing. He believes that god gave us the will and power to build ordevelop ourselves, so we can learn how to act morally in any aspectsof the life. Hick sees the problem of evil as a good thing andbelieves it to be a necessary evil. He believes that god must allowpain, suffering, and evil to come into this world for us to learn howto be moral (Hick, n.d.). He believes that these sufferings and evilsbring about the good morals in us.

My Opinion

After reading and analyzing both oftheir theories and opinions, I would say that Hick`s theory of theproblem of evil is more rational. I think that He was correct aboutthe fact that god gave us free will and conscience. God didn`t makeus like machines. What separates us from a machine is our morality.And god gave us all the powers and abilities so that we can learn howto act morally in all situations. So, if there was no evil and if godhad built a perfect world our morality wouldn`t have developed. Thesemoral values and characteristics make us unique and better than allthe other species. So, god must allow these pain, sufferings, andevils to come into this world for our morals to develop.


The problem of evilcan be seen from different perspectives. The argument about theexistence of god has been among us for ages. Different people havedifferent beliefs and theories about god. These differentiated mindsare where various regions and beliefs arose from.


Hume, D. Unmasking the pretensions of reason (1st ed., pp.410-419).

Hick, J. Soul-making and Suffering (1st ed., pp. 124-137).