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The Conversion of Biological Diversity Encourages the Conversion of Land into Biofuel Production Areas

TheConversion of Biological Diversity Encourages the Conversion of Landinto Biofuel Production Areas

ChamberlainCollege of Nursing

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TheConversion of Biological Diversity Encourage the Conversion of Landinto Biofuel Production Areas

Inthe last decade, liquid biofuel has emerged as an alternativerenewable energy source and coexists with fossil fuel and itsfeatures are similar to petroleum resources, yet it is a lesserpollutant of the environment. Biofuel conversion can stimulate ruraldevelopment and economic growth(De Gorter and Drabik,&nbsp2016).Thistrend is global as most countries strive to become energy independentbecause of climate change fears and the ever increasing oil prices.Further advantages are that biofuels will depend on the residues andwastes from forests and agricultural fields including cereal straws,tree branches and even dung from livestock husbandry. The naturalvegetation is well suited as biofuel primary source and this willrequire the clearance of forests to allow room for agriculture andbiofuel production. DeGorter and Drabik (2016) added that theimpact on the environment and food security from the conversion isnegligible relative to total energy supply because biofuel is a cleanenergy resource when using energy plants such as sugar, animal starchand oil seeds. With the demand in fuel rising, there is pressure onthe part of the government to encourage the pursuit of alternativeenergy sources as discussed in this summary.

Chinahas a lot of biological resources and the Chinese government gives astrong support for the policies that encourage conversion of farmlandto forests. This policy is global as most countries strive to becomeenergy independent because of climate change fears and the everincreasing oil prices (Koizumi,&nbsp2013).Conversion of land into biofuel is important for China primarilybecause fossil energy alone is no longer sustainable given theincreased demands for energy resources worsen by the escalated fuelprize(Koizumi,&nbsp2013).For China, the Biofuel policy will encourage reduction on the impactof global oil price crisis as a partial substitute for the importedoil. A lot of abandoned land in Chinese northwest provinces such asGuangxi Shanxi, could convert into biofuel production areas tosupport the initiative. Since, biofuel is an essential source ofagricultural income the northwest provinces can initiate animprovement of the infrastructure, and high food production due toinvestment in biofuel. This will mean that the rural farmers willmake profits because this might turn to be an export opportunity. Theabandoned town will now open up given the job creation and betterinfrastructure as well as cheap and safe energy supply for thecountry.

Globalpolicies support the use of biofuel because its use will support 35%reduction in carbon emissions when compared to fossil fuels which issignificant when it comes to concerns about climate change(De Gorter,&nbspand Drabik,&nbsp2016).Nations are ganging up to support efforts towards preservation of theenvironment and earth at large by encouraging the use of clean andsafe energy resources. Additionally, as much as biofuel may result indeforestation, massive conversion of land into biofuel productionareas could expand agricultural production, improve countryside’seconomy and increase farmer’s income. For Countries like India andBrazil, it could push forward the agricultural industry, which willimprove the development of small regions and reduce the differencebetween farming and industry. It is a significant policy.

References

DeGorter,&nbspH., &amp Drabik,&nbspD. (2016). Biofuel policies andthe impact of developing countries’ policy responses to the2007–2008 food price boom.&nbspGlobalFood Security.doi:10.1016/j.gfs.2016.07.008

Koizumi,&nbspT.(2013). Biofuel and food security in China and Japan.&nbspRenewableand Sustainable Energy Reviews,&nbsp21,102-109. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2012.12.047

Koizumi,&nbspT.(2014).&nbspBiofuelsand food security: Biofuel impact on food security in Brazil, Asiaand major producing countries.