• Uncategorized

The Cultural Survival Vehicle

Client’s surname 2

TheCultural Survival Vehicle

Mark Pagel presents the concept of the cultural survival vehicle thatrefers to the unit of people and the factors that guide them such ascooperation and proper reproduction tactics that enhance the chancesof their survival. In particular, he even highlights how the grouphas the unity in protecting each other and scaring off any rivalgroup that might threaten their continuity. This paper will revealhow Pagel shows, that the cultural survival vehicle promotescooperation and protection, yet, some of the individuals of the samegroup still threaten the existence of the other members.

Mark Pagel argues that the culturalsurvival vehicle isa concept that shows how the man was able to evolve and createsocieties or even tribes that had different cultures. In fact, itrefers to the culture as a way that increases the knowledge thatpeople possess. Besides that, Pagel also insists that the samevehicle has enhanced a common identity, language as well as unity. Healso reveals that the interaction between the species and naturedetermines how people survive and help the cultural survival vehicleoperate efficiently. It has also proved that human will often workbest when they are cooperating. In the process, Pagel also introducesthe idea of group selection where the strongest will survive whilethe weaker ones will fail to evolve. Hence, the same groups will alsoincrease the chances of the individuals enduring and overcoming thevarious environmental difficulties (Pagel, 13). More important, everyperson was expected to be loyal to his or her vehicle. Everyone wasalso supposed to make sacrifices and cooperate with the other membersto ensure the continuity of the group over a period. The selectiveenvironment determined the chances of survival and more likely anyindividual with the strange qualities were even driven out.

Pagel argues that the individuals in the cultural survival vehiclepromote cooperation, successful reproductive strategies and otherways to ensure the continuity of the species. However, why do peoplestill undertake certain activities such as the torture devices,suicide bombers, and celibacy that threaten the survival of the humanbeings? These acts do not reveal any concept of cooperation andproper reproduction that Pagel clarifies using his concept of thecultural survival vehicle. More important, he could have explained anumber of reasons that describe why human beings engage in such acts.On the other hand, Pagel also insists that a particular culturalgroup will treat the other rival one cruelly and in a demonizingapproach when they feel like they are threatening the existence oftheir members. Instead, the members of the same cultural group areattacking each other at the expense of risking their survival. Forinstance, the cruel and destructive behaviors that kill other membersare a problem to their continuity. Perhaps, Pagel could have providedan insightful explanation that should have shown the reasons thatresulted in the members of the same group killing each other or eveninterfering with their reproduction process.

In conclusion, Pagel has failed to explain why some individuals willstill threaten the continuity of the other members of the same group,yet, the concept of cultural survival vehicle insists that they aresupposed to protect and cooperate with each other. In this case, thecultural groups play a critical role since they portray an identityand a community where the members have the same qualities and uniteto work together. More important, they have various tasks thatpromote their survival as they try to protect their species andensure its survival in the environment.

Works Cited

Pagel, Mark. Wired for culture: origins of the human social mind.New York: WW Norton &amp Company, 2012.