- May 22, 2020
The great Egyptian king, Thutmose III (1479 – 1425 BC)
Thegreat Egyptian king, Thutmose III (1479 – 1425 BC)
Abrief history about his life and rule as pharaoh
ThutmoseIII was born to the great king Thutmose II, and his concubine Isis.In the ancient Egypt, the name Thutmose carries the meaning “thebirth of Thoth”. Thoth is one of the prominent gods of ancientEgypt believed to control and maintain the universe(Bunson,2014). During his reign, Thutmose II was blessed with only one son,who was very young to occupy the throne when he died in 1479 BC(Cline & O’Connor,2009). Therefore, Thutmose II wife, Queen Hatshepsut occupied theseat as the Pharaoh. During her rein, Hatshepsut ensured her stepsonreceived quality education that suited a prince in preparation forleadership roles when became of age. When Thutmose III attained asuitable age, his step mother gave him the role of heading hermilitary. After the death of Hatshepsut, he was declared the Pharaoh.Thutmose III ruled from 24thApril, 1479 BC to March 11th,1425 BC, including the 22 years he assisted his step-motherHatshepsut in ruling Egypt. During his reign, Thutmose III gotmarried to several wives including three of foreign identity who borehim many children.
Theregion and time period in which Thutmose III ruled
Inthe ancient Egypt, Thutmose III became the sixth Pharaoh of theEighteenth Dynasty. It is during Thutmose III reign, ancient Egypt isbelieved to have expended most making him one of the most successfulpharaohs in history (Bunson,2014). Due to his experience as a leader in the military and bravery,Thutmose III achieved victory in the battle of Megiddo, which isbelieved to be the largest back those days (Freewalt & Ciraolo,2014). In his first campaign, Thutmose III expanded his territory bygaining control of northern Canaan. According to Cline & O’Connor(2009), Thutmose III through his subsequent campaigns conquered andtook control of many Syrian cities and expanded his kingdom furtherto as far as Mitanni. The existing research on Thutmose III indicatesthat he launched over 17 military battles and has never lost evenone. It is believed that conquered and took control of over 350cities (Bunson, 2014). Apart from military leadership skills, the success of the ThutmoseIII is attributed to the improvement in weapons used by his armies.
Majortemples/architecture built during Thutmose III reign
DuringThutmose III reign, the kingdom prospered significantly and so didarchitecture and art flourish. According to Bard (2015), manytemples and other significant artifacts were built during thisperiod. However, it is recorded that the Pharaoh gave much attentionto the Amon temple built at Karnak.This particular temple was extended by Thutmose III who built manynew buildings around it and a jubilee hall in which he celebrated hissedfestival(Bard, 2015). The Pharaoh stored some plant and animals remains whichhe collected from Canaan during his third campaign.
Twopieces of art that depict Thutmose III
ThutmoseIII is known for his love and attention in art. The basalt sculptureof Thutmose III preserved in the Luxor museum is one of the artisticmasterpieces, which is a commemoration of the sixth Pharaoh of theEighteenth Dynasty(Bard, 2015). The posture of the figure and the look create an impression of anelegant and yet an influential king. Another piece of artifact thatbelonged to Thutmose III is a red crown of Lower Egypt. Despite thefact that the Pharaoh was a strict follower of customary life styles,in his later years of his reign, he acquired and started wearing ared crown, which depicted an extraordinary style(Cline & O’Connor, 2009.
Thebasalt sculpture of Thutmose III
Thered crown belonging to Thutmose III
Bard,K. A. (2015). Anintroduction to the archaeology of ancient Egypt.John Wiley & Sons.
Bunson,M. (2014). Encyclopediaof Ancient Egypt.Infobase Publishing.
ClineE.H. & O’Connor D. (2009). THUTMOSEIII A New Biography. The University of Michigan Press.
Freewalt,J., & Ciraolo, L. (2014). The Battle of Megiddo (Thutmose III): ABattle Analysis.