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The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant


TheIslamic State of Iraq and the Levant

TheIslamic State of Iraq and the Levant

TheIslamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), also regarded to as theIslamic State (ISIS), is an insurgent group operating mainly in Iraqand Syria. ISIS has emerged as a strong entity with sophisticatedweaponry, command, and logistical capacities. It has ably positioneditself at the center of the Middle East. The War on Terror that wasspearheaded by the U.S and Britain in 2003 aimed at bringing order inthe governance of Iraq. Back then, Iraq was a highly disenfranchisednation where the majority of the people wanted to see the end ofSaddam Hussein’s administration. Whereas the U.S managed tooverthrow Hussein, they left a political vacuum as they mainlyintended to create a new socio-economic and political order in thecountry (York, 2016).

ThesisStatement:The failure of the United Sates and other western allies todemocratize Iraq, bring socio-political order and selective politicalactions influenced by the local people led to the emergence of ISIL.

TheUS policy on Iraq has helped in rebuilding the country in thepost-Saddam era, which has enabled the country to attain a vivideconomic future. However, theUnited States has failed to address the concerns raised by themajority Sunni group and former soldiers in the Saddam’sadminstration. Afterthe US took over the political power control in the country duringthe post-Iraq war, they expelled the Sunni Muslims from influentialdockets such as the security agencies among other prominentgovernment departments. The Shi`as, which is a minority group,replaced the Sunnis. The new order increased the animosity betweenthe two factions. A further division was created following thecreation of an autonomous region for the Kurds. The Sunnis felt thatthey were marginalized politically, socially, and economically by thenewly established government. Lack of a legitimate government alsocontributed to the growth of ISIL to become a notable terroristgrouping in the world (Ghanim, 2012).


Inconclusion, whereas the American policies on Iraq were based on theestablishmentof economic and political domination, they have largelycontributed to the emergence of Islamic State. The emergence of theISIS is highly linked to the failure by the national government andforeign governments such as the US and Britain to promote thedemocratic culture in the country. Addressing the specific challengessuch as marginalization, institutional reform and insecurity willhelp in minimizing the growth of the ISIS.


Ghanim,D. (2012). Iraq`sdysfunctional democracy.Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger.

York,R. (2015). KnowThy Enemy: Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.Raleigh: Lulu. com.