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TheProblem of Crime and how it affects the Social Science

Thehuman race is made up of societies. The study of these communities iscalled social science. Therefore social science can be defined as thestudy of societies and the manner in which people behave andinfluence the world around them. These societies impact our lives indifferent ways. For example, the policymakers, the government, thelocal authority and the non-governmental organization both haveinfluence in our societies. Social Science tries to look the worldbeyond our little experiences and explains how different communitieswork. In this project, we are going to look at the problems of crimeand its effects on the society and how it affects the normalcy of ourmodern societies. Various criminal injustices take place incommunities. The fear of these crimes is as dangerous as the criminalinjustice itself. Therefore the structure, composition, and behaviorsof many people may be affected to a great extent by crime in thesociety. The international literature demonstrates that high crimerates in the society make the communities decline. The residents maybe affected negatively in turn. The fear of crime poses a significantdanger to the people. Both the offenders suffer psychological andfinancial costs this may impose tremendous costs on individuals,families, and communities at large. Crime in a society may deter newbusinesses from starting or hinder the expansion of the existingbusiness. These become dangerous in that it may lead to reduction ofcommunity organizations which may influence the behaviors of theresidents negatively. The various crimes range from violent crimes,domestic crime, the monetary value of property crime, the bargainingof white collar crime and the computer crime all demonstratechallenges facing the society. Criminal injustice has been proven tobe a big loss to consumers, businesses and the government in general.

Statementof the Problem

Researchthat was carried out in Australia clearly shows that crime proves tobe a challenge and its increasing on a daily basis. The governmentstill insists that it cannot control all the crime scenes in thesocieties but the communities can. The government suggests that manycrimes happen and are not reported. Most people view these crimes asa private matter and not serious to report. It’s believed thatviolent crime has a monetary cost approximated to $1285 million. Allthe non-fatal assaults are also estimated to cost over $936millionwhile robbery is estimated to cost $36 million (Don, 2016).Statistics imply that the monetary value of property crime is morethan that of violent crime, which has left many in fear and trauma.Fear has refrained many individuals from making investments orventuring new commercial business. Also, most people are reluctant inkeeping up new technologies due to fear of being victimized, whichhas seen the cause of economic sluggishness and social deterrentmaking it difficult to progress. Crime prevention and control inAustralia has become a priority due to high costs of crime that areincurred. The government has initiated some agents and creation ofawareness campaigns to control this social evil in the society.

Alsoin America, the statistics collected shows that crime rates areincreasing in the country. The government has been blamed for doinglittle in controlling these social evils. According to the FBI data,crime increased in the year 2015, and it’s predicted to rise by theend of this year. The reports indicate that violent crimes rose by3.9% in 2015 when compared to 2014 (Wesley, 2016).


Thisproject is going to review the available literature on how crime as asocial evil has posed challenges to the behaviors and economic growthand development backwardness in societies. The project aims toachieve the following goals

1.Explain the various types of crime committed in the society

2.Explain the different causes of crime in the society

3.Explain the effects of these crimes in the society

4.Describe the various measures employed to curb this vice in thesociety

Thereare many types of crimes in society. These crimes range from personalcrimes, property crimes, white-collar crimes, victimless crimes andorganized crimes. Personal crimes are said to be offensive actsagainst the person. They are acts which may result in mental orphysical harm to a person. They include assault, kidnapping,homicides, rape and false imprisonment. The property crime involvesinterference with other peoples’ property or denying them the rightto use their assets. Other forms of property crime include arson,embezzlement, forgery, burglary, robbery and theft crimes.White-collar crimes are aggressive acts that arise from the workposition one holds at the workplace. Examples of such offensesinclude expense account, padding, embezzlement, tax fraud and falseadvertising. Inchoate crimes are incomplete crimes meaning that theyare crimes that begun but never completed. Examples of these offensesinclude attempt, solicitation, and conspiracy.

Mostpeople believe that no one factor can be said to be the primary causeof crime in the society. They believe that poverty, drug abuse, lowself-esteem and family backgrounds are the major factors that makepeople commit crimes. Also, religion, racism, politics, social andmental disorders are said to cause crime.

Effectsof crime

Crimeis said to pose a significant danger to the society. The sluggishnessin economic development and growth are reported to result due tocrime. People are living in fear of their lives, and this hasaffected the way they perceive things. They fear being victimized,and these have discouraged them from making investments and alsoimprove the existing commercial businesses. Their behaviors have beenaffected negatively. People relocate to new areas where theirsecurity is assured it creates weaker attachments of residents totheir neighborhood and price of household goods fall. For example,the statistics collected in Australia reveals that most people feelunsafe during the night than during the day. Most people fear walkingin the evening alone than during the day (Standard, 2016). It meansthat crime is on the agenda in many streets of the cities and littlehas been done to control this.


During the day

During the night

Walking in the streets



Fromthe statistics collected clearly shows that people fear walking inthe night alone. This data indicates that the streets are not safefrom crime. Below is also the crime rate statistics table collectedfrom the major cities of Australia. From the ranking, it shows thatTownsville is the most unsafe with crime rates of 60.86%. Adelaide isconsidered as the safest city with a crime rate of 34.73%



Crime Index








Gold Coast
























Manymeasures have been employed to curb this problem in the society. Thegovernment has taken the responsibility of enforcing the law. Forexample, the Australian government has emphasized community policingto help stop crime in the country. This policing has ensured targeton counteracting disorder and building confidence rather thanfocusing attention on fighting crime activities. The America has alsoemployed a zero-tolerance approach which has led to the reduction ofviolent crimes in the cities like the New York City.

Also,the country should impose strict conditions on the registration ofguns. These should begin with the purchase, licensing and storage ofthese weapons for example in Australia they impose strict legislationconditions of guns unlike the United States of America (Andrew,2015). For the countries to progress well, they need to end crime,and this will steer up their economic growth. The policing approachis believed well if we put trust on our police departments. Thebelief seems to be there in general, with the recent survey reportingthat 7 out of 10 people are satisfied with the police. Women andseniors are said to have higher satisfaction ratings. A Greaterpercentage of 70.4% stated that they were satisfied and 8.8% were notsatisfied. The report further says that females were well satisfiedthan men, and satisfaction levels increased with age where those over65 years registered the greatest percentage of satisfaction of 82%.

Anothermeasure that can be employed is mobilizing communities to deal withdisorder and crime. For example, the Aboriginal communities havemobilized themselves into groups’ to control disorder crime throughvarious activities that make people view life from another positiveperspective rather engaging in crimes. These groups help in communitydevelopment and act as role models thus preventing disorder and crimein the area.

Also,we should invest heavily in our criminal justice system. With the aidof other institutions outside the criminal justice system, thesocieties can deal with crime. Examples of these organizationsoutside the criminal judicial system include health, education, andfamily support. These will help to offer support and make theseinstitutions function effectively.

Inadditional, developmental intervention can be used to invest insituational crime prevention. The design of public space and theconfiguration of social settings should be set in a manner thatreduces criminal chances.


It’sevident that crime is a significant threat to societies. It hashindered economic development and growth to a great deal. Manypeople have been victimized, and these have made them develop fearand trauma over time. Their social behaviors have been affected. Theybelieve that the state governments have done little to ensure thatthere are no crime scenes reported. The fear of offenses has mademany people uncomfortable even when they are in their houses orwalking in the streets. For example in Australia according to thedata collected many people are afraid to walk in the streets duringthe night than during daytime. The statistics show that the streetsare not safe at all and a lot has to done to improve security. Mostpeople believe that if education, good health, and family supportwill be offered it will help reduce poverty which will also reducecrime rates. The government seems to blame the communities, and thecommunities blame the government for doing little to control crime.The government states that it cannot be able to control crime butcommunities can do. It believes that the communities have a goodbase to determine the grass roots of the offenses committed in thesociety. The communities also believe that the government shouldimpose strict measures in the country to control crime. As much asthe two parties continue blame game they must understand crime isreal and do exist. The crime scene poses a challenge to the economicgrowth and development. Therefore societies should devise methods andvarious ways of dealing with these crimes to boost economic growth.


Crimeis real and practical in many communities. People are suffering thelong-term effects of crime for those were victims, and others fearbeing victimized by these crime scenes. From the project, it can besaid that little has been done to combat these situations. Theparties responsible for these are in a serious argument whether whois in the best position to control these crimes. From our case study,little has been done to control crime. These crimes range frompersonal offences, violent crimes white-collar crimes andcyber-crimes. They all pose a significant danger to the societies.The cost implications of these crimes are high. Individuals, familiesand the government, in general, suffer the financial loss,psychological loss and physically they continue relocating to newplaces.

Poverty,weak education systems, mental disability and lack of family supporthave been considered as the primary causes of crime in the society.The crimes have adverse effects on the economic development and havecreated fear among many people making it difficult to venture intonew businesses or expand the existing businesses. To control crimes,various methods have been advanced by both the societies and thegovernment in general. For example mobilizing the communities andcreating awareness campaigns among the people on the importance offighting crime. Also, the continued investment in the criminaljustice systems and other institution has seen crime reduced in thesocieties.


Andrew, d., 2015. Pre- Crime Control Measures. Criminalisation and Criminal Responsibility in Australia, 24 June, pp. 1-17.

Don, W., 2016. Lifehacker. is Crime in Australia Getting Worse, 10 June, p. 12 32.

Standard, A. B. o., 2016. statistics. Crime Victimization, Australia 2014-2015, 17 February, pp. 5-25.

Wesley, B., 2016. Politics. Violent crimes Rising in US Cities, 26 July, pp. 10-15.