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Think Social Problems

ThinkSocial Problems

Chapter13- crime

1.Crime is a social problem that is largely pushed by gender, age raceand ethnicity.

a)Gender can affect the degree of crime people are exposed to. Theissue of sex is a huge determinant to the number of crime activitiesone gets exposed to each and every day.

b)Race and ethnicity also have an influence as to the number ofcriminal activities one faces in their social life.

c)The age of an individual automatically puts them at risk of beingexposed to crime. The kind of influence the person gets from theirpeers largely affects their choices in relation to crime.

2. Motivations for criminal behaviour continue to influence criminalactivity.

a)Internal influence the lack of self-control is a factor that effectspeople of all age groups. It exposes the person to all sorts ofsituations and crime is no exception.

b)External influence. The need to belong to a certain social class orgroup can easily push people into the life of crime.

3.Measuring crime offers statistic data of the rate of crime in theUnited States.

a)Statistical data on crime and demographics within the United Statesthroughout the years.

b)Psychological perspective of crime differs from one individual toanother.

c)Sociological perspective of the community regarding crime influencehoe society measures level of crime.

4.Theories that offer definition for criminal justice are symbolicinteractionism, conflict theory and functionalism theory (Carl, 2013)

a)Symbolic interactionism suggests that human nature can promptcriminal activity.

b)Conflict theory suggests that poverty may be a key influence to crimeto sustain basic needs.

c)Functionalism theory suggests that crime has its place in society andmust serve its purpose.

5.Developing new ways to prevent crime among the youth is crucial forthe society’s safety and sanity.

a)Providing extracurricular activities keep people busy and ideas suchas crime activities are less likely to be a part of their lives.

Chapter14- Criminal justice

1.Societal response to crime is important so as to keep order in thesociety.

a)The society puts in place laws against crime, if broken the offendersare punished.

2)Justification for crimes amongst the society is a fair way to dealwith crime.

a)Punishment is based on leveling the crime to the level of offense andwhen sentencing an offender, it is on the basis of being a lesson toothers (Carl, 2013).

3)Creation of the Law the U.S. Criminal Justice System. U.S laws becomecommon in the country and beyond.

4)The theories that analyze criminal justice are functionalism theory,conflict theory and symbolic theory.

a)Functionalism states that the criminal has to be kept away from thestreet, hence the criminal justice system is necessary (Carl, 2013).

b)Conflict theory argues that the rich always find a way out of theircrimes. The poor on the other hand only afford public defenders. Thetheory states that laws are only written for the benefit of thewealthy.

c)Symbolic interactionism stipulates that the shame of an offender islikely to make them victims of stigmatization and the possibility ofthem going back to prison is high.

References

Carl,J. D. (2013). Think social problems, 2013. Boston: Pearson.