- April 17, 2020
Treating Autism Spectrum Disorder
TreatingAutism Spectrum Disorder
Thevideo shows the compulsive, repetitive behavior of a boy (Blair) withAutism. After being left alone in the house, the boy gets upset butfinds solace in watching a short video on his iPod over and over.Blair particularly watches the introduction scene of the movieTri-Star Pegasus. As Blair watches the short introduction, he getsexcited and forgets about what was upsetting him in the first place.
1.Difficulty of treating Autism Spectrum Diseases
Themajor difficulty in treating ASD is that the disease is theobservation that every case of Autism has its unique issues making itimpossible to define a single accurate treatment intervention. Thesymptoms of individuals suffering from the disease range fromrepetitive behavior to poor social communication. There are severalinterventions for every one of these issues, affecting patients withASD. Additionally, many studies have shown that a few cases ofrecovery from the condition are linked with intensive earlyintervention. However, it is not clear how much of the interventionsare required.
2.Most Promising treatment for ASD
Behavioraltherapy for patients with ASD is the most promising treatment. Thetherapy focusses on the principles explaining how learning takesplace. The treatment is particularly helpful since every individualwith the condition shows different behavior. In this treatment plan,rewards are given in case the individual follows certain behavior.This intervention is the best since it can be structured and beincorporated in various settings like classrooms and other dailysituations like playtime. The treatment not only helps in developingsimple skills but also helps in developing complex skills, such asreading, with time.
3.Other Treatment options for ASD That I feel might be effective
• PictureExchange Communication System: This is a novel intervention that aimsat improving the skills of the children with minimal or no verbalability to converse through pictures. Images are consistently used inthis intervention to build the child’s vocabulary (Cihak,Smith, Cornett, & Coleman, 2012 p.4, para 1).The system can be incorporated both at home and in school making itflexible and as such appealing. I feel this is a good alternativetreatment because the use of pictures may excite the patient becausepictures are not boring. Pictures are also readily available makingthe intervention cost-effective.
• RelationshipDevelopment Intervention (RDI): This is a novel technique that seeksto develop and strengthen the long-term quality of life of patientsthrough improved self-awareness, social skills, and adaptability(Wagner,Wallace & Rogers, p.396 para 5).The intervention is preferable to me because it has severalobjectives including social coordination, social coordination,flexible thinking and rational information. The technique is alsocost effective as no medications are needed, and no special skillsneeded.
• Brightlight therapy: the technique aims at helping autism patients,particularly those who have trouble sleeping. The therapy works byexposing the patient to predetermined periods of bright light in themorning hours. By exposing the patient to bright morning light, thebody of the patient is pushed to release melatonin naturally. Thetechnique, just like the other two listed above, is cost effectivesince no additional equipment or medication is required. At the sametime, no special skills are needed making it possible for any personto administer the therapy to the patient (Bădescuet al., 2016 p.362, para 4).All these points make me propose this type of intervention. Thepatient can also independently administer the therapy to him/herself.However, it is important to note that, while administering thetherapy, various remedies like avoiding beverages and long TV timescan positively impact the outcomes.
Bădescu,G. M., Fîlfan, M. Ă. D. Ă. L. I. N. A., Sandu, R. E., Surugiu, R.O. X. A. N. A., Ciobanu, O., & Popa-Wagner, A. (2016). Molecularmechanisms underlying neurodevelopmental disorders, ADHD andautism. RomJ Morphol Embryol, 57(2),361-366.
Cihak,D. F., Smith, C. C., Cornett, A., & Coleman, M. B. (2012). Theuse of video modeling with the picture exchange communication systemto increase independent communicative initiations in preschoolerswith autism and developmental delays. Focuson Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 27(1),3-11.
Wagner,A. L., Wallace, K. S., & Rogers, S. J. (2014). DevelopmentalApproaches to Treatment of Young Children with Autism SpectrumDisorder. In Handbookof Early Intervention for Autism Spectrum Disorders (pp.393-427). Springer New York.