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Paranoiaof Monsters and Vampires

Thehuman society is largely affected by tales, which describe certaincreatures that either exist or do not. Monstrosity is a stateexhibited by certain characters possessing some supernatural powersin the case of humans, the creatures have some unusual features,which are not coherent to the human race. Monsters have been favoritecharacters in many stories however, the major issue that arises iswhether they exist. Indeed, literature has been known not to shy awayfrom fiction. Thus, the creativity of the writer is determined by thelevel of fiction, which they apply. Stories have given life to themonsters that actually do not exist in real life. They are oftendescribed as huge ugly creatures, which cause harm to people or othercharacters. However, a writer can choose to create a monstercharacter that is friendly to people (Prottas 2). These tales havebecome so popular in human literature that they have caused paranoiaamongst the readers since they portray the monsters as very dangerouscreatures.

Themonster tales have had many effects on the readers. It is common tofind someone asking whether they exist in some parts of this worldafter reading a story featuring these creatures. Children are themost affected since their minds have not yet fully developed todismiss the existence of such beings thus, many stories meant todiscourage them from certain habits entail consequences, such asmeeting the monsters, in case they engage in what is not required ofthem. Fear has been instilled among the members of the society whoread the monster stories as they narrate about dangerous creatures,which can cause significant destruction in a community (Prottas 2).However, other accounts may portray good monsters.

Theparanoia caused by the tales prompts the basis of this paper, whichis to determine how the real human society perceives monstercharacters. Draculaand the StrangeCase of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hydeoffer the best examples needed to determine the unique nature of themonsters featuring the stories. They contain the actions of thecharacters that will be useful to illustrate why there is muchparanoia amongst the readers of these books. Apart from the stories,there is much stereotyping coming from myths, which have been createdto explain the existence of monsters. In modern days, vampires andzombies have proved to be more deadly creatures that exist only intales (Prottas 1). By studying the two books, one will be able todetermine if there should be a fear amongst people just because ofthe stories.


Oneof the world`s most famous vampires, Dracula, was created as acharacter in Bram Stoker`s book, Dracula.It is a collection of various elements, the monster being an ancientfigure in Eurasian folklore. Dracula was a famous incarnation of thevampire character during the 19th century, which is often portrayedas cunning and malicious. Using his supernatural powers, he alwaysensures that his ideas and plans work. Although this character is notthat dangerous, he is capable of using his dark magic to hisadvantage. Thus, this presents a monster character which has got bothbad and good qualities. However, just one of the bad traits can ruinthe rest of the good ones.

Thetext narrates the endeavors of Dracula as a vampire. There arenumerous instances, where the novel portrays Dracula as an evilcharacter. First, as a member of the vampire army, which comes backfrom a victorious war against the Turks, he is astonished to findthat his spouse, Elisabeth, has committed suicide after receiving afalse story about his demise in the war. Hence, this annoys Draculato the extent that he decides to desert his religion and renouncesGod declaring that he will revenge Elisabeth`s death with all theevil powers, such as dark magic. In a fit of fury, he destroys thechapel`s stone cross with his knife and takes the blood, which oozesout of it thus, demonstrating his evil side.

Second,while in London, Dracula makes an appearance as a wolf-like creatureaccompanied by a violent thunderstorm and hypnotically seduces,rapes, and bites Lucy Westenra. As a result, her health deterioratesforcing her former lover, Dr. Seward, together with her currentpartner, Arthur Holmwood, to seek the help of Dr. Abraham VanHelsing, who discovers that Lucy is a victim of a vampire bite.Notwithstanding, Dracula, who changes himself to look youthful andgood-looking during daylight, meets and charms Mina. However, Minaopts to travel to Romania to meet and marry Jonathan, who has runaway from the castle and is being treated at a convent in thecountry. The act angers Dracula who then transforms the woman into ablood drinking vampire. Essentially, Morris, Van Helsing, Seward, andHolmwood, resolve to kill Lucy out of sympathy as they greatly fearfor themselves being that the woman is suffering from Dracula`sbites, something that can transform her into a vampire as well.

However,at the end of the story, Dracula is defeated and left helpless – in avery ancient demonic form – in the chapel, where he had rejected God.Out of mercy, the church performs rituals meant to cast out the evilspirits possessing him, thereby Dracula goes back to his young selfand asks Mina to accord him peace. She. therefore, shoves the knifethrough his heart and as he finally dies, the mark on her foreheaddisappears as Dracula`s curse is lifted an illustration that, eventhe monsters can be conquered. Sorrowfully, she decapitates him andgazes up at the fresco of Vlad and Elisabeth rising to heaven jointlyreunited after a very long time. Dracula presents one of theclassical narratives, which make people develop paranoia. In themodern stories, his character has been depicted as a reasonable butdangerous monster thus, readers may become frightened. The novel isintended to portray a vampire character that is not friendly topeople. Considering that evil motives were the driving forces forthis particular cast, the writer managed to achieve his intentions ofpresenting a horrific book.

StrangeCase of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde

Anotherstory that depicts the characteristic traits of monsters is theStrangecase of Dr. Jekyll and Hyde.It is about a lawyer from London who endeavors to investigate strangeoccurrences between his friend Dr. Henry Jekyll and the evil EdwardHyde. The text`s impact is significant such that it has become amajor case study in literature studies. In addition, the phrase&quotJekyll and Hyde&quot is widely used to refer to a person whohas very different moral attributes depending on the situation.

Themain character Dr. Jekyll is an enormous, well-structured, andsmooth-faced man in his sixties. He irregularly feels that he isbattling between the evil and the good within himself hence, leadingto the confrontation between his dual personalities of Henry Jekylland Edward Hyde. He has spent a significant part of his life tryingto repress evil urges that are not appropriate for a man of hisclass. He creates a potion or serum, in an attempt to cover thesehidden wrongs within his behavior. Thus, by doing so, Jekylltransforms into the smaller, younger, cruel, ruthless, and evil Hyde.Jekyll has many friends and a warm personality, but as Hyde, hebecomes strange and aggressive. As time passes by, he becomesstronger by taking the portion regularly, ultimately, developing intoa fierce creature that unleashes its inner demonic powers.

Fora large part, the text tells the story of Hyde who has both themonster and human spirits. He commits evil deeds, such as murder andmanipulation of the justice system. However, the most interestingpart of this tale is the dynamic nature of the main character onecannot tell whether he will be a Jekyll or a Hyde. While playing therole of Jekyll, he becomes a good person who does a what is right,while, on the other hand, Hyde is dangerous. This happens when anevil spirit enters the character making him be a very differentperson.


Cops,Teachers and Vampire Slayers. Mayo et al., in theirarticle titled &quotCops, Teachers, and Vampire Slayers,&quotillustrate the bureaucracy that is associated with the narratives ofvampires (4). It reveals that there is much misconception from thepublic concerning the existence of the latter as well as monsters. Inthe study done across the US, records from police stations areevaluated, and officers questioned. The findings reveal that there ismuch paranoia amongst the people regarding the tales they read or seeon television. At least each station has in the past recorded anemergency call whereby an individual raises concern on the&quotexistence&quot of vampires (Mayo et al. 4). This study showsthat the vampire and monster stories have a great impact on thesociety.

TheVampire in the Next Cubicle. Another article titled “TheVampire in the Next Cubicle,&quot illustrates that, indeed, thereare people in the society, who are vampires and should not bediscriminated. Prottas argues that they are increasingly beingvisible in the American community, and believes that they haveemerged from the shadows and entered the mainstream activities, forinstance, employment something that has caused a new challenge tothe organizations and individuals providing job opportunities (2).The article demonstrates that firms which discriminate againstvampires based on stereotypes, myths, and prejudice may face legalconsequences. In essence, the report is one of its kinds as it movesfrom the discussion on the existence of vampires to boldly claimingthat they exist and should not be discriminated. Therefore, accordingto the author, monsters are not merely fictional characters meant toamuse and entertain thus, affirming the paranoia existing in thesociety regarding the existence of vampires and monsters.


Whileboth Dracula and Hyde exhibit monstrous characteristics and engage inlaw breaking activities, Dracula presents a genuine definition of amonster. The fact that he engages in harmful acts all the time andconsistently affects people with his monstrous magic makes him moredangerous. However, Hyde also engages in horrible acts, such asmurderer and crime he does not do these intentionally because sincethere is an evil spirit, which enters and takes control of him.Nevertheless, when not possessed by the demon, he does good deeds tothe society. Hence, Hyde is more socially palatable than Dracula.

Thereare defining characteristics and actions, which make monsters bad. Onthe other hand, they are not defined by the inherent monstrosity inthem. In fact, some monsters do only good deeds, and they do notcause any harm to people. Mostly, such help the people to deal withtheir dangerous counterparts. However, sometimes it proves difficultfor one to determine whether actually, a monster is bad or good. Thesimilar physical characteristics that all the monsters possess arethe causes of the confusion.

Inmonster tales, the novelists normally illustrate them as having amale gender, which is often associated with evil compared to theirfemale equivalents. Mostly, the female ones serve as good monsters inthat they oppose whatever evil the male might be planning somethingrevealed in stories by the inherent male voices that the monstershave. It is only in rare cases where the female ones are considereddeadly.


Insummary, monsters have become part of the human race due to thenumerous tales featuring them as characters. These fictionalcreatures are used to illustrate the evil people in the society whoare not necessarily vampires. However, individuals have wronglyinterpreted the functions of these monsters in stories thus,believing that they are there to create fear. Hence, there is muchconfusion regarding the existence of these imaginary beings in reallife since they have been significantly covered in stories. Inessence, story readers should understand that the monsters are meantto pass certain lessons to the human society.


Mayo,Andrea E. &quotCops, Teachers, and Vampire Slayers: Buffy asStreet-Level Bureaucrat.&quot Administrative Theory &amp Praxis,vol. 33, no. 4, 2011., pp. 599-603.

Prottas,David J. &quotThe Vampire in the Next Cubicle: The Americans withDisabilities Act and the Undead.&quot Employee Responsibilitiesand Rights Journal, vol. 24, no. 1, 2012., pp. 79-89.