- April 15, 2020
Types of fallacies used in an interview
Typesof fallacies used in an interview
A fallacy isconsidered to be a mistaken belief or erroneous argument based onunsound mind. Most people use fallacies when arguing trying to reachan answer or explanation. Different types of fallacies can be used.They include appeal to ignorance, appeal to authority, appeal topopular opinion, attacking the person and many others. The use ofthese fallacies may prove to be futile which may lead to incorrectconclusions that are odd. In this essay, we are going to examine sixtypes of fallacies and relate them to the way they were used duringthe interviews.
Differentcountries conduct presidential debates towards the election time. Inour case study, we are going to study, “The USA 2016 ElectionDebate”. The debate took place on October 19, 2016, at theUniversity of Nevada in Las Vegas (Alex). The interview was moderatedby Chris Wallace, the anchor of Fox News Sunday. The debate wasbetween two presidential candidates, Donald Trump and Hillary Clintonboth seeking popularity among their supporters. Both sides blamed andattacked one another with fallacy arguments. For example, Clinton washeard saying that Trump was unfit to be elected as the president hewill be a “puppet” president. This was a personal attack, and itcan be seen as an insult. Also, Trump attacked Clinton directly whenhe told her that she lacked the stamina to be the president.
Also during thedebate, Trump seems to read the minds of his supporters whereby heuses appeal to popular opinion. He says that once elected thepresident, he will deport all the undocumented immigrants and securethe USA borders by building a perimeter wall between Mexico and theUSA. Further, he says that he will force the Mexico government tocater for the costs of constructing the wall along the border (Alex).He receives a loud applaud and cheers from his supporters. He addsthat he will handle the Islam phobia and be the president of allAmericans.
On the otherhand, Trump is heard using appeal to authority when he questions thelaw legalizing abortion in the country. He feels that abortion shouldnot be legal, but Clinton quickly responds by telling him that no onehas the authority over a woman’s decision. Through this, Trumpcriticizes the government for allowing the law legalizing abortionwhich he feels that it’s a crime.
Clinton makesTrump look foolish when she reiterates to Trump’s argument that hewas against the war in Iraq when he was supporting it. Clinton goesahead to say that there is an evidence of a tape which records Trumpvoting for the war which he was not supposed to do. The appeal toignorance fallacy, in this case, makes Trump look ignorant.
Clinton condemnsand blames Trump for sexual allegations. Also, Clinton gets angeredwhen Trumps tells her that she is a woman who lacks the stamina andshe can’t be the president. Video clips showing trumps assaultingwomen sexually are released, and this makes him accept and apologizebefore the Americans (Alex). He blames B ill Clinton for alsoassaulting women during his tenure. These clearly give us a clearconnection of the events the way women have been assaulted by men. Itcreates the relationship implies causation fallacy whereby Trump alsotries to blame the previous leaders.
Trump attacksClinton openly telling her that when she was the minister, she didnothing to ensure that the taxes were paid. All these erupted whenClinton attacked Trump of tax evasion. It clearly shows that there isthe extension fallacy in this argument. Also, Trump attacks Clintonover the 33,000 emails deleted. He blames Clinton for using personalemail rather than the state email which is well protected to transactthe country’s business.
In conclusion,the USA presidential candidates used many fallacies in theirarguments. Some of these fallacies were logical while othersillogical in that they lacked sense. Therefore, fallacies can betaken as misguided arguments without the foundation. They may lead towrong conclusions at the end.
Alex, B. "TheNew York Times." Presidential Debate 09 October 2016: 1-12.