- May 30, 2020
War on Poverty in North America
WAR ON POVERTY IN NORTH AMERICA 11
War on Povertyin North America
War on Poverty in NorthAmerica
The war onpoverty in most parts of North America has continued to be a majorchallenge. Similarly, the poverty level in an economy affects theeconomic development of a country. For that reason, North America hasbeen trying to incorporate anti-poverty programs with the aim offighting the occurrence of poverty in the region. Additionally,factors such as public debt act like obstacles on financial mattersand they have hindered poverty alleviation programs in the area.According to Iceland (2013), he stated that poverty in a countrydestroys the well-being of a nation by hurting the growth rate of theactual human capital including health, education and professionalexperience. Additionally, human capital has been the mostcontributing factors to the increase of the economy. Therefore,poverty affects thrive and affect lack of education, health andprofessional experience causing disturbance to the growth of theeconomy. According to Mohan, Sartorio, Goldman, Garcia and Films forthe Humanities and Sciences (2011), they explained that North Americahas not been effective in the eradication of poverty in the variousstates and cities. The war against poverty in the region has not beensuccessful. Therefore, the objective of the paper is to investigateif the strategies implemented in North America have helped ineradicating poverty in the region and to explain some of the measuresso far taken.
Poverty inNorth America has remained a regional threat
Moreover,North America has been facing challenges in fighting poverty in thearea. According to the report released by GAO in the United States,it indicates how poverty in the region is affecting the healthconditions of people living in the states. For instance, poor peoplehave an increased exposure to hazardous environmental practices andengaging in risk behaviors that affects health and that have animpact on the economy(Sutton, 2015).The effort used by the government to raise the standard of living ofthe people explicitly indicates the poverty level that has beenfacing individuals in the region. Because of poverty in the region,people have been eating suspiciously savory and unhealthy food andincreased use of drugs to cope with stress (Sutton,2015).According to the research conducted by Hinton (2016), he records,that high level of unemployment in a region can lead to more mentalillnesses, social exclusion and an increase in crime. North Americahas been experiencing a high level of offenses including drug abusemainly because of the high degree of poverty among people (Sutton,2015).
Rising food stamp
InNorth America, increased number of individuals relying on stamp foodalso shows how unsuccessful the fight against poverty has been. Stampfood refers to the situation where individual are not able to getwhat to eat and as a result they rely on relief food. Alternatively,poverty in the region has even extended to additional geographicalareas commonly known as suburbs(Bradshaw, 2016).Poverty in the North America used to be confined to precise rural andurban areas, but the recent research conducted by Bradshaw (2016),indicates that everybody in the region is at a higher risk ofexperiencing poverty in their day-to-day life. As a result, theincrease in population have been caused by enhanced immigration intothe country, and it has been detrimental to the economic growth bydeprivation of the employment opportunities available leaving most ofthe people in the country unemployed and facing financial constraints(Bradshaw, 2016).Hence, to some extent, stamp food has helped to eradicate poverty inNorth America but due to negligence of the people responsible for therelief food it has not achieve its intended purpose.
Reaction tostrategies of eradicating poverty
Accordingto the research done by Mohan et al., (2011), it indicates that thegovernment in the North America has been trying since 1990s toeradicate poverty through a better approach and within the regions inthe state that require support. Nonetheless, there has been acontinued trend of challenges in delivering food to the vulnerablecommunity (Fabinyi,2016).For example, the strategy of providing social help to the needypeople in the community to eradicate poverty in the region isunsuccessful. Poor response by the states has made it impossible todecrease the number of people living in poverty. That is because thegovernment has not taken an active role to respond to such crisiswhen they occur. Moreover, the price of fuel in the country hasremained at a higher rate making it hard for the people to travelfrom one place to another (Fabinyi,2016). For example, movement has been hindered due to the rising price offuel and poor people are not able to get assistance in places such astowns (Berdegué,Bebbington & Escobal, 2015).Poor response to the crisis has increased more pressure for the stampfood implying that the level of poverty in the area is still growingalternatively, the government is required to formulate and implementappropriate strategies that can retard the growth of poverty andensure that the citizens do not depend on stamp food(Fabinyi, 2016).
Accordingto the study by Iceland (2013), on the poverty level of the NorthAmerica, it is an indication that the poverty level in the countryhas not been lowering. Despite various attempts by the nationalgovernment to boost programs that show concern for every member ofthe community(Hout, 2016).In early years, in North America, government had established programsindicating the minimum salary that an individual in the countryshould earn but this has not been effective. The strategies taken bythe national government has been affecting the decision of the NorthAmerica in responding appropriately to the issue of povertyeradication (Fabinyi,2016).The Democrats and Republicans have been developing and closingwelfare programs that could help in boosting the response of theregions of North America in dealing with the crisis of poverty.Moreover, the effort to reduce the standard of poverty in the regionis affected by the change in family structures and increasedimmigration. Immigration has been contributing to the competition ofthe available resources causing deprivation within the region(Fabinyi, 2016).Poverty level has remained higher estimated as 11-15 percent of thetotal population in North America (Fabinyi,2016).
Increased child poverty in theregion
Povertyamong children in the North America has been maintained at a higherlevel and there are indication show that it will continue toincrease. According to Hinton (2016),he argued that poverty amongchildren in the country has to show an increasing trend than anyother social cluster in the country. It has remained at a higherlevel in comparison to other developed states across the globe. Thelarge population of children in North America has made it difficultto fight poverty since the resources are limited. That has also ledto other challenges in establishing programs for fighting poverty. InNorth America, at least one child in a group of four is usuallyfacing poverty and most of them depend on food stamp. The wellbeingof the government in the region has remained pivotal to children.Stricker (2014), recalls that to fight poverty in North America theagencies should eradicate the ineffective programs and implement theones showing concern and the ones that are better suited to improvethe poverty condition in the states(Burney etal., 2015).The programs are ineffective since they do not meet their expectedoutcome, for instance, those who qualify for stamp food do not getthem. Additionally, poorly designed and implemented povertyeradication programs have made it difficult for North America toeradicate poverty making the fight against poverty to beunsuccessful. Similarly, strategies need to be improved incontrolling poverty among children in the area. North America hasbeen slow in developing anti-poverty programs and poor enhancement ofthe labor markets(Alba & Foner, 2015).
Referring tothe work of Iceland (2013), it is evident that most of the programsthat are put in place to fight poverty are not working and havelittle effect on eradication of poverty. Alternatively, themanagement and control team should understand that increasing thevolume of food stamp assistance would not change anything greatbecause the extra foodstuff may not get to the targeted individualsin the community (Alba& Foner, 2015).The officials implementing stamp food program should be a concernedtarget and establish subpopulations that require assistance that willbenefit from the program. Family structure has been the primary causeof poverty among children including families with single parentsmaking it hard for the parents to provide the required support totheir children (Alba& Foner, 2015).
Problem ofpoverty eradication system
Most often, even the ordinary occupations that are available in theregion are not enough to help in keeping families in North Americaabove the poverty line of the country. Additionally, inadequate jobshave been contributing to the increased crimes in the region. Theresearch done by Orleck and Hazirjian (2011), suggested that lack ofemployment opportunities in the area have been affecting the people.For instance, due to poverty life has become difficult making ithard for the people to acquire their daily needs and for the parentsto support their families. Similarly, Shortage of jobs has alsocontributed to poverty among children because the parents are notable to provide for their family adequately. Stricker (2014),posited that providing the necessary support such as free educationto the North American children can be an effective strategy that willcontribute to economic efficiency during economic recovery periods.Moreover, with the parents being satisfied with the care theirchildren are acquiring, they are in a position to be more productive.That is because in their work stress is reduced and that can lead toan increased economic performance in the region(Kohleretal.,2015).
Rising urban poverty
There hasbeen an increasing pressure in the North America where poverty inboth rural and urban has been escalating at a higher rate. The wholecountry is facing a severe challenge in controlling poverty in theurban centers. North America has been intensifying racial anxietythrough increased concentration of poverty on ghettos with ethnicminority groups feeling being excluded from the community,institutions, and job opportunities. The fight against poverty in theregion has, therefore, been facing challenges and it has not beeneffective (Kohleretal.,2015). A public agency in the States has continued being a challengewhere most of them are not present and less active where they do notoffer the quality services as other institutions. Public transport,schools among other establishments in the region have proved to be oflower standards due to poverty (Kohleretal.,2015).
The successof the programs employed to eradicate poverty would contribute to theimprovement of the living status and economic development of thecountry that has not been the case in North America. Additionally,the increase in the number of isolated areas and cities in the regionis a good indicator of showing that the fight against poverty has notbeen effective. According to Orleck and Hazirjian (2011), they arguedthat because of geographical concentration of poverty, policy makersinvolved in controlling poverty encounter additional problems most ofwhich just emerge suddenly such as fiscal burden. In this instance,the towns affected by extreme poverty have weak economic developmentand higher fiscal burdens and most towns and cities in North America(Kohleretal.,2015).
Urban revitalization andrenewal
Differentfactors and reasons necessitated the occurrence of revitalization andrenewal in North America these places. The reasons include inadequateeducation among community members resulting in a lack of stabilityand adaptability to the economy of the region. On the other hand,communities in North America are still being forced into the socialhousing block named as ghettos by reconstructing the urban areas andbecause of segregation of the communities(Peacock-Chambers &Silverstein, 2015).
Research byHinton (2016), determines that wage rates are a common factor in alleconomies when evaluating the poverty levels in North America. Theincrease of wages earned by people in North America can be anindication that the poverty in the region is decreasing. In NorthAmerica, the trend of the pay rate has been constant for an extendedperiod. Individuals in most parts of North America continue earning afew financial resources making them operate below the poverty line.Despite the effort by the government to eradicate poverty in the inNorth America, the poverty level has remained high in most of thecitizens (Peacock-Chambers& Silverstein, 2015).The composition of the families in North America has changed, andthat is affecting the effectiveness of the programs imposed by thegovernment to eradicate poverty. Development in most parts of NorthAmerica has remained undeveloped. The economy of a region is affectedby the poverty and that discourage development, therefore, affectingthe likelihood of the investors to start their business in the area(Peacock-Chambers &Silverstein, 2015).
Researchon the poverty trends in America shows that poverty had begundeclining over a period of years the signing of various acts in thecountry has increased the threat of growth of poverty level. Thestate has allowed immigration leading to exploitation of theavailable resources in the country including in North America(Peacock-Chambers &Silverstein, 2015).The high population has been a major contributor to the increased thelevel of poverty in the region (Peacock-Chambers& Silverstein, 2015).The percentage of uneducated people in North America has remainedconsiderably high, and this has been an effective way of showing thatthough the programs of eradicating poverty have been put in place,their effectiveness has remained flat. That is because most of theprograms implemented do not impart relevant skills and knowledge thatcan help people to contribute in economic development. Conflict inthe region with other parts of the country and outside countries hasbeen hindering the ability of the people running various programs toimplement them and eradicate poverty (Peacock-Chambers& Silverstein, 2015).
Despitethe effort by the government to eliminate or minimize poverty in thecountry, poverty has remained a fundamental challenge to the growthof the country’s economy. Similarly, the fight has not beeneffective, and the level of poverty in the household and variousparts of the country has remained high. Additionally, the livingstandards of most the people have remained poor because of thepoverty level and the number of people who rely on stamp food hascontinued increasing. Furthermore, In North America, the trend ofpoverty level has been increasing despite attempts by the governmentand other non-governmental organizations to eradicate it. Most peoplelive below the poverty line, and poor programs that are implementedhave been a major contributor to high poverty level. Moreover, theincreases in the population lead to exploitation of the naturalresources that can be utilized to reduce poverty in the country. InNorth America there are numerous programs that are being implementedto eradicate poverty in the region but the major problem is that theyhave not been effective.
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