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Women`s Vulnerability to HIV and AIDS

Women’sVulnerability to HIV and AIDS

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Women’sVulnerability to HIV and AIDS

HIVand AIDS is a condition that weakens the immunity system of a humanbeing thus making him or her more vulnerable to attack by otherdiseases. This condition can, however, get people of different genderbased on certain factors. That is, one gender can be more prone tothis condition than the other as a result of gender complications.For example, women may have gender aspects which can make them moreprone to HIV and AIDS than men. Financialdependency and sexual violence are the main factors that increasewomen’s vulnerability to HIV and AIDS but can, however, bedecisively addressed through policy establishment.

Financialdependency is one of the factors which put women at a great risk ofcontracting HIV and AIDS. Many women who lack economic power find itnecessary to rely on the male counterparts for financial support tocater their basic needs as well as those for their children. Thistendency is common especially where there is no state support forpoor mothers. This financial dependency puts women in a situationwhere they cannot challenge their male partners in fear financialsupport withdrawal. Due to this reason, many women consider not tolose their male friends for denying them sexual favours even if it isan unsafe practice. Research shows that poor women are the mostlikely victims since financially stable women can afford a lifestyleof their choice. Financial instability among the women also leadsthem to practice vices like prostitution which increase their chancesof contracting HIV and AIDS. The perception that women should lookafter their families when their male partners seek for employmentacts as a catalyst to this challenge.

Anotherfactor that increases the vulnerability of women to HIV and AIDS isthe Physical and sexual violence that women face from their malecounterparts. To keep their societal status, men tend to place womenunder their authority by all means including the use of violence. Oneof the areas where men use violence against women is sexuality. Menmay opt for unprotected sex, but the women counterparts may fail toquestion that for fear of possible violent response. This aspectplaces women at greater risk for HIV and AIDS infection. Another formof violence in sexuality is rape. Upon failing to offer sexualadvances to men, women may be forced to have sex with men violentlywithout their consent. Rape survivors possess high chances of HIV andAIDS infection. This form of forced sex is considered to have thegreatest risk of HIV and AIDS infection than through consensual sex.

Thesechallenges faced by women can, however, be overcome either throughgovernment regulations or society education. The government of agiven country can set regulations which provide for more women spacesin the job market thus financially empowering women. For example, itcan be set as a regulation that every company or business should meeta certain percentage of women as their workers. The community canalso be educated on supporting women to engage in financiallygenerating activities. The government should also set toughregulations which punish the vice of sexual violence such as rapethus protecting women from such exposures.

Conclusion

Financialdependency amongst women as well as sexual violence against them canbe as a result of their weakness. For example, women should engagethemselves in income generating activities which reduce theirfinancial dependency. Women should also consider their dressing stylewhich may lead to sexual violence such as rape by aroused men.However, the government should ensure a clear policy which increaseswomen financial independence as well as reducing sexual violenceagainst them thus reducing women’s vulnerability to HIV and AIDS.

References

Baral,S. D., Poteat, T., Strömdahl, S., Wirtz, A. L., Guadamuz, T. E., &ampBeyrer, C. (2013). Worldwide burden of HIV in transgender women: asystematic review and meta-analysis.&nbspTheLancet infectious diseases,&nbsp13(3),214-222.