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World History ll (5.2.7)

WORLD HISTORY 4

WorldHistory ll (5.2.7)

A.Analyze

1.How did the independence movements in India and Algeria differ?

Themain difference between independent movement in Algeria and India isthe methods each country used to attain independence. While theAlgerian movement used force, the Indian movement achieved itsobjectives through peaceful means(Hertzel, 2016).

2.Given what you`ve learned about the legacy of colonialism in Algeria,what do you think accounts for the score it has received in recentyears on government stability and the absence of violence?

Thelong, brutal war pitting Algeria against their French colonizerscreated many divisions in the country. Even after Algeria achievedits independence after many years of struggle, the scars of wars madeit difficult for independence leaders who had led the armed struggleto unite and stabilize the country.

3.Based on the recent data in the tables, how has India`s observancefor the rule of law differed from that of Algeria?

Regardingobservance of the rule of law, Algeria has scored a mere 27% whileIndia has scored 54%(Hertzel, 2016).Obviously, there is a significant difference between the twocountries. It shows that India’s government has in the recentdecade developed its systems to guarantee the rule of law. On thecontrary, Algeria still suffers many incidences of the breakdown ofthe rule of law due to lack of strong structures to guarantee thesame.

4.Compare the development indicators that improved the least and themost for Algeria and India from 1996 to 2010.

Accordingto Hertzel(2016),India witnessed a considerable improvement in regulatory quality fromthe year 1996 to 2010. This explains the reason behind increasedeconomic activities during the period. On the other hand, politicalstability improved the least during the same period. In essence, thepolitics of the country remained more or less the same pittingdifferent interest groups against other groups. In Algeria, there wasminimal improvement in regulatory quality. On the other hand,political stability improved significantly during 1996-2010. This isprobably because that the country was under authoritarian leadershipthat did not tolerate political or social dissent.

5.Make a prediction about the future development of Algeria based onthe data presented.

Currently,Algeria trails India on so many levels of development. However,recent data shows that the country is making positive strides towardsattaining development. Therefore, we can assume that if this trendcontinues, Algeria will eventually measure up to countries like Indiain the near future.

B.Synthesize

&quotTheexperience of colonialism has contributed to social and politicalconflict in developing countries after they achieved independence.&quot

Iagree with the claim. Evidence shows that although colonialismushered in civilization in many countries, it contributed topolitical and social conflicts witnessed today in many developingcountries(Hertzel, 2016).In a country like Algeria, the armed conflicts created disunity amongthe local population as the colonizers pitted communities againsttheir fellow communities during the war. Similarly, India witnessed acollapse of institutions meant to guard the rule of law afterindependence. It has taken these countries quite some time to set anew agenda for their country free from the colonial agenda.

Reference

Hertzel,D. (2016).&nbspTheWorld History Workbook: The Ancient World to the Present.Lanham,

MD:Rowman &amp Littlefield Publishers.