- May 14, 2020
Homicidecauses in the American youth aged 10-24 years
Overthe past three decades, homicide has been on the forefront line onthe cause of deaths among adolescent’s teens and young adultswithin the American populations. Homicide is a crime committed mypeople belonging to the same race/ethnicity across severalgenerations usually done by killing one another. The pattern goesback at least a generation. Several factors have been linked with theincreasing rates of the homicide within their age groups. Following aresearch was done recently findings have demonstrated that homiciderates among persons vary substantially showing a decline since 1994through 2010. The most affected individuals are the males followedbut females and backs when compared with Hispanics and persons withgreat racial/ethnic prejudice (Braga, 2012).
Despitethe many efforts that the United States has used to mitigate thiscrime, new methods and techniques arise every day making theAmericans to be at risk of losing their lives. A report conducted bySherman, (2015) demonstrated that new strategies are underway toincrease their success in control and prevention of homicide withinthe 10-24 populations, but progress is slowing, and primaryprevention of violence in these community’s needs.
Thisassignment investigates the state of Homicide within in America foryoung adult’s teenagers and young adults belonging to the 12-20 agebrackets. Ai will also find out both biological and physiologicalrisk factors associated with the youths who are involved in homicidecases.
Howbiological and psychological factors risk factors affect the youth
Homicideis a risk factor that greatly affects the family unit.Violence-related mortalities among the children affect the families,their friends and the entire community in the US. (Braga, 2012)Families start regretting having given birth to their children due totheir inhuman actions that affect them psychologically. In few cases,parents have linked their children who have been involved inhomicides to have developed mental illness without their realization.Sherman, (2015) the death of many young adults has adversely affectedthe economic productivity of the many affected families in the US.They have thus sought the government to increase their efforts toensure that young children with violent behaviors are well screenedfor mental illness to prevent the cases of Homicides within theircommunities.
Anotherrisk factor to the increasing number of homicides is the extremepoverty levels in some communities. In low-income families, childrenare quite idle because they don’t get the opportunities to attendschools this idle behavior makes them prone to criminal activitiesexposing them to guns and other dangerous firearms. Peer influence isa psychological risk factor that unites them to drugs and substanceabuse making them more concerned with crime activities. Increaseddrug addiction levels have been linked to these mass killings amongvulnerable groups at teenage levels (Braga, 2012).
Thereare also psychological disorders associated with Homicide crimes.(McBride et al., 2015) Present behavioral disorders such as attentiondeficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as one of the risk factors thatinfluences peer pressure among violent youth. Similarly, oppositionaldefiant disorder (ODD) has been identified to be other risk factorsthat must be well addressed to reduce the inter-ethnicity masskillings by young people. These two hormones are triggered onceindividuals are exposed to criminal activities from theirneighborhoods, exposure to child abuse and domestic abuse at theirhomes. They get agitated to revenge such emotional feelings by beingviolent to members of their community (Sherman, 2015).
Preventivemeasure to reduce the number of homicide among the youth
Severalsteps have been put in place to prevent and control Homicideactivities among the youth adolescents and teenagers. Preventionmeasures will consider mitigation of the risk factors that exposesthe group to murder killings. It will include management of gunpossession, treatments of psychological disorders and adequatetraining for children and young adults who have been victims of childabuse of violence (Sherman, 2015).
Giventhe important role that firearms play in increasing violence amongthe youth, the government should develop a crackdown towardspossession of all guns posed by the young adults illegally. Althoughthis task may be difficult, the police officers will use betterstrategies to get the information from the community members. Hence,keeping guns out of the hands of underage youth and criminals shouldbe an important component of a comprehensive strategy to reduce youthviolence (Braga, 2012).
Parentscan also be helpful in providing a list of their children inpossession of illegal guns. The supply of the guns should beidentified and punished. Additionally, the cost of gun ownership canbe reduced to limit the number of people owning guns in communitiesprone to homicide (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2013). Anothereffective strategy to prevent homicide levels from increasing isthrough the provision of primary education to children andadolescents from low-income families. Basic education must thusconsider informal education such as peer counseling and post-traumaskills to encourage young people on how to develop their communitiesby avoiding violence and drug abuse (Braga, 2012).
Otherprevention measures are screening of children at birth for mentalillness and treating of any disorders that are transmittedbiologically such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) (Bureau of JusticeStatistics, 2013)
Homicidelevels have significantly affected many communities and must becontrolled at different stages of development among the teenagers,adolescents and young adults belonging to 10-20 years age group.Effective strategies must be adopted to increase safety and social,economic development in marginalized communities in the UnitedStates.
Bureauof Justice Statistics. (2013) Centersfor Disease Control and Prevention."Homicide Rates Among Persons Aged 10–24 Years — UnitedStates, 1981–2010." MMWR 62 (27): 545-548.
Braga,A. (2012). SolvingViolent Crime Problems:An Evaluation of the Jersey City Police Department’s Pilot Programto Control Violent Places. Ph.D. Dissertation. Newark, NJ: Rutgers Department of Criminal Justice
McBride,A.G., R. Scott, S.R. Schlesinger, S.D. Dillingham, and R.B. Buckman.(2012). CombatingViolent Crime:24 Recommendations to Strengthen Criminal Justice. Washington, DC:U.S. Department of Justice, Office of the Attorney General.
Sherman,L. (2015). ReducingGun Violence:Community Policing Against Gun Crime. Research in Progress Series,VHS videotape. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice, Officeof Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice.